Portrait by Emma Savoie.
The Aydelott Grant
The annual $20,000 Aydelott Travel Grant enables the recipient to travel the world to research a topic of their choice through the lens of any four buildings they select. As the Auburn winner of the 2019 award, I chose to research the atmosphere of sacred space. The selected buildings were the Cologne Cathedral, The Pilgrimage Church in Neviges, Saint Peter in Klippan, and Grundtvig’s Church in Copenhagen. The research took place throughout 2019, with the travel portion occurring during the summer, and was documented using photography, sketches, and written journals. The final form of the research consisted of four thirty-five-page fully-illustrated essays, summarized below, an exhibition, and further personal study, which was included in my book Atmosphere.
Atmosphere is why we visit architecture, why it is not enough to simply read about it, to look at pictures of it, or to represent it. There is precise terminology in architecture used to quantify function, scale, mathematical ratios, and time. There is a decidedly less specific vocabulary for softer qualities, such as color, tone, and materiality. These are described by terms such as hard and soft, cool and warm. Ultimately, what draws us to architecture are not the parts we can represent but rather the parts we cannot. The parts which lead us to tell others that “you just had to have been there.”
The definition of atmosphere in relation to the field is: “the pervading sensation of a tone or ambiance in/of a place, space, or object.”³ Sacred space is characterized by its atmosphere. Sacred is defined by Merriam Webster as “entitled to reverence and respect.”⁴ Sacred space exists in the natural world, in groves of trees and on mountain peaks, as much as it does in the built environment. Sacred architecture is a designed form of sacred space. It attempts, through intentional, designed conditions, to create an atmosphere that promotes reverence and respect. Often when considering sacred architecture, archetypal images of soaring medieval Christian churches spring unbidden to my mind. The Gothic cathedral looms large in the education of the Western-trained architect. Historically, there has always been a primary purpose behind religious sacred architecture, to inspire visitors to worship and create an atmosphere that encourages a reverent attitude. What about the atmosphere of these places makes them successful sacred spaces? How can the architects of today design places of similar quality?
architecture, atmosphere, research, masterplan, commercial, materiality
Essay, Exhibition, Photography
Margaret Fletcher, Matthew Hall, Carla Keyvanian, Justin Miller
$20,000 Research Travel Grant
The Aydelott Foundation
Major locations visited over the course of fifty-three days, including the routes and the travel types between them.